Go Ye into all the World and Preach the Gospel...
E.C. BRIDGEMAN CO.
Published c.1905, New York
Size: 82.25" X 147.75"
Condition: Some soiling. Some wrinkling.
A very large and interesting double hemispheric wall map depicting the world based on religious affiliations. The affiliations, as per the classification used by the map, are related to Protestants, Roman Catholics, Greek and Eastern [Churches], Jews, Mohammedans and Heathens. These religious affiliations can be further discerned not only from their geographical distributions as seen on the double hemispheric depiction of the world, but can also be identified from the inserted graph that shows the religious distribution amongst the different faiths. The map is also adorned with information and statistics related to individual country populations, annual gifts from foreign missions, protestant workers and communicants in foreign missions, as well as missionary contributions of the American Churches in terms of membership and contributions.
The map was published by E.C. Bridgeman and Co., a map and atlas publisher situated in New York who was active in the later part of the 19th Century and early part of the Twentieth. This particular map was then distributed by the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church located at 150 Fifth Ave., NY., and most likely commissioned by one of the T.D. Collins set of companies as per the engraving found on the lower edge of the map. The TD Collins Companies were a set of companies owned and operated by Truman (Teddy) D. Collins, a devout Methodist and business entrepreneur related to forest products and other associated industries.
The map follows a tradition of early religious large wall maps first popularized by Joseph H. Colton in c.1846. As such, these large types of maps were conceived for “monthly concerts, Sabbath schools, lecture on missions, and even for the instruction of common schools in geography…”
The date of the printing conforms with the religious revival in America of 1905-06 commonly associated with the Welsh Revival movement of 1904-05. This Welsh Revival first began in Wales but shortly thereafter spread globally to include that of welsh speaking settlers in Pennsylvania and eventually to places such as Brooklyn, Michigan, Denver, Schenectady, Nebraska, North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Kentucky. Whereas the Welsh Revival coincided with the labour movement in Britain and in particular that of socialism, the Revival in America is associated to a great extant with the charisma of preachers such Billy Sunday who’s preaching was presented to a broad swath of the population with temporary outdoor installations attracting large numbers of religious conversions. It is important to note that the Revivalist movements eventually helped, and became associated with, social reforms such as the Temperance movement.
However, although religious revivals of the 20th Century in America differed in scope than earlier revivals, the timing of religious revivals, in general, tend to be cyclical in nature and are usually associated with times of societal change that some consider the result of spiritual or moral decline. As such, religious revivals are meant to bring societal reforms via prayer and preaching. That being said, the Revival period of the early 20th Century eventually began to wane in intensity due to the competing influences offered by newly invented media such as moving pictures and radio broadcasts. Furthermore, social reform began to be relegated more to the political sphere with direct government intervention, to wit the 19th Constitutional Amendment, then strictly through the auspices of individual prayer and conversion.
(Source: Morley, P., A Brief History of Spiritual Revival and Awakening in America. Missionary Herald,Vol XLI no. 12, Dec. 1845. Map owned with Geographicus and Neatline.)