Louis de Conink Chart, Speciel Kaart over Farvandet mellem Kullen og Falsterboe...
LOUIS DE CONINK
Published 1830, Copenhagen
Size: 37.5" X 25"
Condition: Good. Overall toning and some water stains to right side.
A very rare nautical chart of the Öresund Strait between Denmark and Sweden that include the cities of Copenhagen, Elsinore, Landskrone, Malmö and Helsingbork. Other than the ubiquitous rhumb lines and soundings helping navigators sail this treacherous body of water, the chart also includes several depictions of town views and important architectural landmarks that provide navigational assistance. The chart is also rare in that old colour can still be discerned that differentiates land and sea.
As with most navigational charts, it should be noted that they are ,in general, rare because the nature of the wear and tear associated with working nautical documents. However, when they do survive the vagaries of time, they often offer an interesting view into the past where nautical information was still a work in progress. For example, manuscript notations and markings can can often be found, as is the case with this particular chart, that indicates routes being sailed or additional markers to help in navigating.
However, it should pointed out that unlike the British admiralty charts, which began to be sold to the public in 1821by the Hydrographic Office of the Admiralty, and which had a reputation for greater accuracy, the privately sold charts, were the preferred choice of the important and growing merchant fleet. It has been argued that the continued demand for these charts by the merchant fleets of different countries resulted in large part because of their focus on specific, and well travelled routes, as opposed to the a Navy’s need for greater accuracy in more distant and obscure shores. Furthermore, the heavier inks applied, and the use of the Mercator’s projection with the occasional rhumb line, made for an easier reading by a less demanding merchant fleet for accuracy, but well entrenched in their historical ways and preferences. As such, privately sold charts continue to be sought after by collectors because of their ability to convey a past where a sailors experience was as important as the chart itself. Trade routes were often well trotted such that charts could forgo a certain amount of accuracy, in exchange for the familiar components such as the ornate script used for cartouches, and the overall look and feel of the chart itself.
This chart is rare with only a single other example, held at the Biblioteck Denmark, being known.