North Western America showing the Territory ceded by Russia to the United States.
A rare and very important map that was published in 1867 following the cessation of Alaska from Russia to the United States. Adolph Lindenkohl’s map was printed as an accompanying piece to the pamphlet Speech of Hon. Charles Sumner, of Massachusetts, on the Cession of Russian America to The United States which was delivered to the Senate by Senator Charles Sumner , the Chair of the Foreign Relations Committee, in favour of the Alaska Purchase Treaty. As such, the map can be considered as the first map to refer to Alaska as American territory. It should be noted that the current map is the second state. The first state being the map that accompanied George Davidson’s report to Congress relating to the Alaska Purchase Treaty.
The map includes two inset maps. The first consists of Sitka Sound and the second depicts a general view of the North Pacific Ocean.
Although some opponents of the Treaty referred to the purchase of Alaska as “Seward’s Folly” or “Seward’s Icebox” in reference to Secretary of State William Seward, the agreement was mostly received positively as a way to check British and Russian expansion in the Pacific Northwest. At the time, commercial interest in Alaska was mostly focused on the fur trade in otter skins undertaken by The Russian-American Company. As a result of the Alaska Purchase Treaty, the Russian-American Company, which was originally chartered in 1799 and was Russia’s first join-stock company, was sold to Hutchinson, Kohl & Company of San Francisco.
It has also been argued that the Alaska purchase along with the cessation of the hostilities associated with the American Civil War, helped British North American colonies to unite in passing the British North America Act of 1867 that created the Dominion of Canada. The colony of British Columbia would soon be admitted to the nascent Dominion of Canada in 1871 thus limiting American expansion in the Pacific Northwest. As such, Lindenkohl’s map is of interest not only in terms of its significance in the expansion of American territory, but is also part of the historical impetus that led to the creation of the Dominion of Canada.
(Source: Geographicus jointly owned. BRM. British Columibia and Confederation,The Canadian Encyclopedia)