Jijōji Kokubō Ichiran Tōa Taiheiyō chic. East Asia Pacific Map.
Published 1935, Tokyo
Size: 30" X 42"
Condition: Discolouration a the upper and lower seams. Else fine.
A rare and intriguing Japanese propaganda map published prior toJapans entry into the Tripartite pact with Germany and Italy in 1940 and the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 that would bring it into World War II.
The map depicts Japans sphere of influence in the Pacific Ocean as well as on the Asian mainland and its intended strategy to control the Pacific region in general.
The map also includes inserts describing Japans comparative military capabilities to other Pacific powers, such as the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, Canada and Australia, as well as inserts showing different regions of interest such as Pearl Harbor, the Panama Canal, San Francisco, Manchuria and Vladivostok.
The map is further dissected into different areas that Japan aspired to control. These include:
1 Japan, including Taiwan, Korea, Manchuria, parts of China and northern Luzon.
2. Micronesia centred around the Bonin Islands.
3. The Philippines and parts of Indonesia.
4. The Soviet Union centred around Vladivostok so as to limit it’s capabilities in the Pacific.
5 & 6. The Aleutian Islands centred around Kiska and around Dutch Harbor so as to control the Pacific shipping lanes.
7. Hawaii, and finally,
8. San Francisco so as to limit America’s Pacific capabilities.
It is also of interest to note that the map indicates populations of Japanese descent in countries such as Canada, the United States, Mexico, China, Australia, Micronesia, and the Philippines. It is unknown why this information would be added, but it could be speculated that Japan banked on local support from its expatriates.
As such, the map, which was published by Dai Nihon Yūbenkai Kōdansh, is fascinating in its level of detail and the information that it provides the viewer. It is also remarkable that the map not only provides a clear indication of Japans strategy in the Pacific, but that it was published some six years prior to the conflicts comping to a head in the Pacific theatre.